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[翻译请求]08L Gonzalo VOA Standard 10.29

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更多 发布于:2014-10-29 17:37
George Putic
October 28,2014

WASHINGTON— Severe storms that cause heavy damage throughout the world are a reminder of how important it is to be able to predict the weather. A meteorological exhibition in Brussels earlier this month featured the latest technology to help improve our ability to forecast the weather and better prepare for its effects.

On October 17, Hurricane Gonzalo hit the island of Bermuda, knocking down trees and power lines, and making roads and streets impassable. The damage was substantial. But thanks to early warnings from forecasters, residents were able to prepare and no deaths or serious injuries were reported.
 
Scientists say weather systems are notoriously hard to predict because so many variables have to be taken into account. But increasingly sophisticated algorithms and accessibility to supercomputers are making weather prediction much easier.
 
The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) says its new storm prediction system, called NEIS, collects millions of data points from all over the world to create a four-dimensional model of the world’s weather.
 
Agency director Alexander MacDonald said the storms created by the computer model are very similar to real ones that have been observed in recent years.
 
“So this really shows the skill that we are developing, when we run a computer model and Mother Nature does the same thing with the real world and they are pretty alike. We are excited a lot about these improvements,” said MacDonald.
 
Air pollution is another modern calamity that affects large cities and industrial areas. So its adverse effect on health also makes its timely measurement important.
 
Alan Taylor, Director of the Britain-based company Turnkey Instruments, said their device, called Topas, uses lasers to monitor the air for particulates.
 
But, he said, providing accurate measurement does not solve the problem.
 
“It's what cities do about it when they know about it. Do they stop traffic going through, do they stop trucks going through? So we can get that information, but what the city does with that information is a different situation,” said Taylor.
 
Even in cities that do not have pollution problems, it is important to measure other atmospheric conditions, like the level of pollen, which can make life miserable for those who are allergic to it.
 
University of Geneva research team leader Svetlana Afonina said their new instrument, called Plair, uses an optical detector with ultraviolet laser technology.
 
“The device is highly specific and allows identification of different kind of particles in the atmosphere. We are able to measure and detect different species of pollen in the real time,” said Afonina.
 
The Brussels exhibition, now in its fifth year, drew more than 2,500 people from around the world to see the latest weather and climate change forecasting technology.
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发布于:2015-01-24 20:56
华盛顿---遍布全球的造成严重破坏的剧烈风暴提醒着人们能够预测天气是多么重要。在本月早些时候,布鲁塞尔气象展特别报道了能够帮助我们提高预测天气和更好预防天气所造成的影响的方式。
10月17日,飓风“Gonzalo”袭击了百慕大岛,击倒了树木和电线杆,使得公路和街道无法通行。伤害是巨大的。但是由于预报员的预先警报,居民们能够提前准备迎接飓风的袭击,所以没有死亡或者严重的伤亡报告。
科学家们表示天气是出了名地难以预测,因为有许多变量必须被考虑在内。但是日益复杂的计算程序和超级计算机的可访问性正使得预报天气变得更加容易。
美国国家海洋与大气管理局(NOAA)表示,其新的风暴预测系统,称为NEIS,收集了全球数以百万计的数据来制造一个四维的世界天气模型。
据代理主管亚历山大?麦克唐纳说,这个计算机模型制造的风暴与近年来观测到的真实风暴十分相像。
“所以这确实表现了我们正在开发的技术,我们运行一个计算机模型时与大自然对现实世界做的事情十分相似。对于这些提高我们十分兴奋。”麦克唐纳说。
空气污染是另外一个影响到大城市与工业领域的现代灾难。它对人们健康的不利影响使得它的及时测量十分重要。
艾伦?泰勒,一个英国公司Turnkey Instruments的主管说,他们的设备,被称为Topas,使用激光来监测空气中的悬浮颗粒物。
但是,他说提供精确地测量方式并不能根本的解决问题。
 “当城市中的人们知道了这件事后是这样做的。他们能够阻止交通,阻止卡车的运行吗?我们可以获得信息,但是城市中对此信息采取的行动又是一个不同的情况了。”泰勒说。
即使在没有污染问题的城市中,测量大气条件也是很重要的。即使像花粉,也能使那些对它过敏的人极度痛苦。
瑞士日内瓦大学研究组的组长Svetlana Afonina说,他们的新仪器,称为Plair,使用一种紫外线激光技术的光学监测器
 “这个仪器可以非常详细地识别在大气中的不同类型的粒子。我们能够实时测量和监测不同种的花粉。”Afonina说。
现在已经举办第五年了的布鲁塞尔气象展,吸引了超过2500个来自世界各地的人来参观最新的天气与气候变化预测技术。

这其实是委托我同学帮我翻译的。。(初二)毕竟里面一大堆词汇量破万的= =
4条评分, 金钱 +3 威望 +5 贡献值 +2 好评度 +2
  • 格物致知
    好评度 2
    居然没人,那我加一下吧。。也许不合版规
    2015-03-02 01:18
  • 格物致知
    贡献值 2
    居然没人,那我加一下吧。。也许不合版规
    2015-03-02 01:18
  • 格物致知
    威望 5
    居然没人,那我加一下吧。。也许不合版规
    2015-03-02 01:18
  • 格物致知
    金钱 3
    居然没人,那我加一下吧。。也许不合版规
    2015-03-02 01:18
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